Online media overview in the Arab world

This document is an abridged version of a wide-ranging survey conducted between July 2014 and January 2015, which attempts to provide an overall view of the complex, ever-changing and fluid landscape of the online media in the Arab world: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia and Syria. Libya was intentionally left out owing to the absence of an application and a lack of recent, reliable data. Analysis of data relating to each country studied illustrates the wide disparity in terms of their respective situations and the environment in which the online media are developing, particularly regarding the level of Internet penetration (which varies from 17 to 71%, depending on the countries studied), the dynamism of the online media, freedom of information, and the economic environment. The monitoring of Internet penetration levels highlights, in particular, a significant gap between those countries which, for a decade or more, have invested in Internet infrastructure development, such as Lebanon or Morocco, and those countries that have been late-starters, such as Algeria and Syria.


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